Common name: Tropheus Moliro Firecracker
Scientific name: Tropheus sp. Moliro
Average Adult Fish Size: 15cm / 6 Inches
Place of Origin: Lake Tanganyika
Typical Tank setup: Rocky Tanganyika tank
Recommended Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 200 Litres
Compatibility: Tropheus cichlids should really be kept with other Tropheus however the following are also compatible:
- Mbuna Malawi Cichlids
Take a look at our guide to keeping Tropheus cichlids with other fish.
Temperature: 24-27 Deg C / 74-79 Deg F
Water chemistry: pH 7.6-8.6
Feeding: Spirulina-based flake food supplimented with fresh green vegetables such as romaine lettuce and spinach.
Sexing: Males tend to have a turned-up nose while females tend to have a greater slope and rounded nose. Males will also grow at a faster rate (generally) and display their adult colors sooner. Males’ coloration is also often more bold than females’ because they like to show it off when courting females. Adult males will also tend to have a deeper body, whereas females appear more slim and streamline. While these characteristics may help an experienced hobbyist, venting is the only sure way to determine gender with Tropheus.
Breeding: Males are quite territorial and are aggressive in their attempts to coax females to spawn. They never seem to tire of this either – males want to spawn every minute of the day. This fish should never be kept in 1:1 ratios. One male to three or four females is an ideal ratio, but keep in mind that the only correct way to keep this species in captivity is in a group of ten or more individuals. The most difficult challenge to breeding Tropheus is bringing the females into spawning condition.
Additional Information: Even though Tropheus species are hearty, keeping them is not without challenges. The Tropheus fish can be the most rewarding of cichlid to keep though due to the rich colouration and constant activity of the fish. The Tropheus Moliro Firecracker is one of the easiest of the Tropheus type to breed.
Discovered very early on by “Poll” in his expedition to Lake Tanganyika in 1946-1947, specifically in the village of Moliro in the extreme south of the Congo. It has been imported for the purpose of the ornamental fish keeping trade since as early as 1976.
The brightest red colouration of the Tropheus Moliro is seen during fright colouration, they are often red-brown and vary in colour a great deal. The base of the fish often exhibits more red colouration and barring is normally no longer evident in fully grown adult fish.